We are heading back to Africa to the northern country of Algeria. Algeria is the largest country in Africa and the 10th largest in the world and 4/5 of it is covered in desert! The hottest desert in the world to be exact, the Sahara desert. Interestingly, Algeria borders the Mediterranean Sea, so 91% of the country’s whole population lives on the coast.
To start us off we painted the flag. The Algerian flag is half green which represents Islam, half white for peace and it contains a red crescent moon and star which is a symbol of Islam. Islam is the official religion of Algeria, 99.7% of the population is Muslim.
You will need…
Scissors and Glue
Start by folding the paper in half and painting the left side green.
Next draw a crescent and star on the red paper. I used two circles (one slightly smaller than the other) to help me create the crescent shape. Cut these out and glue to the flag once the green is dry.
And there you have it! The Algerian flag 🙂
On the northern slopes of the Aurès Mountains you will find what remains of the ancient Roman city of Timgad. Declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1982, this city is an excellent example of Roman town planning. The town was built in 100 AD as a military colony under the rule of Emperor Trajan. Much of what is left is the foundations of buildings and lower portions of walls, but even with that you can see the layouts of the homes and other buildings. The grand arch is still intact as well as the amphitheater, both of which you can still see today.
I showed Martin a series of pictures and we talked about the city and what was left, then we headed outside to make our own Roman ruins!
Step 1: Collect sticks! We went on a short walk and helped our neighbors by picking up some bigger sticks from their yards and brought them all back in a large pile.
Step 2: Use the sticks to ‘build’ a house- the sticks will represent the walls. So go through and decide how big it will be, where the kitchen is, the bedrooms, bathroom, etc.
Step 3: Build more houses! Be sure to follow a grid pattern as you layout each house. Martin built a house for each of us 🙂
It is hard to see in the photos but there are 4 ‘houses’. Once they were all built, we visited each house and he gave me tours of each one. It is so fun to see what they will come up with on their own once the foundations are built.