Sudan: العصور القديمة

Sudan is home to so much history and with the arid desert much of it is beautifully preserved. If you travel down the Nile river you will come to an area known as the Bayuda Desert. Inland from the Nile you will find an arid valley known as Wadi Abu Dom and here in 2011 a wonderful discovery was made.

Rock art was discovered in some 15 different sites and some of the art is over 5,000 years old! This art is carved into the rock and no paint was used. The artwork depicts spirals motifs and geometric designs. Archeologists are unsure but some have theorized that the art is astrological or astronomical in design and since the spirals are the oldest at the site it is believed that this might be one of the earliest mathematical ideas.

Rock Art Activity

This activity can be done with some clay, dirt or play dough- it could also be identified as imaginative play.

You will need….

  • medium of your choice- we chose play dough
  • a stick

Roll out the play dough and draw designs on it with a stick. It’s really that simple talk about it and try telling a story with your carving.

You can take this a step further by taking it outside, looking at the stars or what is growing around you or animals that you see- then ‘carve’.

Build a Nubian Pyramid

On the northern banks of the Nile in Sudan, in an area known as Nubia, you can find 200 pyramids. These pyramids are the tombs of kings and queens and rulers from the Kush kingdom. Also known as the “black pharaohs”, there were 5 pharaohs who ruled Egypt from Nubia. These pyramids are made of granite and sandstone.

The Nubian pyramids were built between 2,700 and 2,300 years ago so we tried our hand at making a pyramid out of blocks.

Being an American I forget that there are places in the world that house art, tombs, artifacts from people who lived 2,000 or 5,000 years ago! My country is so young in comparison that I have a hard time wrapping my head around the age of Sudan and just how long people have been recording their existence.

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